Religion 301 Old Testament Student Manual
Genesis through 2-Samuel
Here is the next entry in my series from the Old Testament Institute class that I was teaching. These notes cover Exodus 1 – 19. I have decided not to include any pictures since I’m not sure of copyright issues with them.
To recap… I was a Stake Institute Teacher. I taught a group of about a dozen YSA in my home on Wednesday evenings. It was a great calling! I decided I would post my notes for the classes. They are just that… notes. They were meant to help me direct the discussion and have references to pictures and quotes. I’ve included the quotes, but not the pictures.
Israel and all of his sons die; Pharaoh dies. About 430 years passes
SHOW SLIDE 2 picture of statue of RAMESES II
New king doesn’t like how big Israel’s descendants are in number, so afflicts and oppresses them
The more they were oppressed, the more they grew
Midwives told to kill male babies, but refused. God blessed them and Israel continued to grow
Plan to throw baby boys in the river
SHOW SLIDE 3 of artwork showing Moses in basket
Moses is born, He’s beautiful. He’s hid for 3 months and then put in ark and set off in river. Mother was Jochebed
Talk about Moses and read Moses 1: 6, Acts 7: 17-37, D&C 110: 11
His sister Miriam stood by the river and watched
Pharaoh’s daughter finds Moses. Miriam volunteers to get Hebrew nurse and fetches Jochebed. Moses is raided and when older is taken into Pharaoh’s house. This was probably when he was 3 and weaned.
Moses name means what?
Bible suggests it means “drew out” since he was drawn out of the water
Etymology suggests Egyptian could mean son or Hebrew could mean deliver
SHOW SLIDE 4 of artwork showing Moses killing Egyptian
Moses kills Egyptian; tries to stop fight between Hebrews but they knew about killing. Moses was afraid and Pharaoh found out, so Moses fled to Midian
SHOW SLIDE 5 of Moses helping Jethro’s daughters
Helps Jethro’s daughters get water. Jethro meets him and gives him Zipporah. They have Gershom (stranger)
40 years passes and Israel suffers greatly. God remembers them.
SHOW SLIDE 6 of artwork of burning bush
Moses sees burning bush, but it is not consumed by the fire. The Lord speaks to him and tells him to go to Pharaoh
“Who am I that I should go to Pharaoh?”
SHOW SLIDE 7 picture of Mount Sinai
Serve God on this mountain (Horeb or Sinai). Same place, different names
Elijah also went there. See 1 Kings 19: 8
Jehovah is the Anglicized rendering of the Hebrew, Yahveh or Jahveh, signifying the Self-existent One, or The Eternal. This name is generally rendered in our English version of the Old Testament as LORD, printed in capitals. The Hebrew, Ehyeh, signifying I Am, is related in meaning and through derivation with the term Yahveh or Jehovah; and herein lies the significance of this name by which the Lord revealed Himself to Moses when the latter received the commission to go into Egypt and deliver the children of Israel from bondage: “Moses said unto God, Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them, The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you; and they shall say to me, What is his name? what shall I say unto them? And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.” In the succeeding verse the Lord declares Himself to be “the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.” While Moses was in Egypt, the Lord further revealed Himself, saying “I am the LORD: and I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto[Pg 37] Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them.” The central fact connoted by this name, I Am, or Jehovah, the two having essentially the same meaning, is that of existence or duration that shall have no end, and which, judged by all human standards of reckoning, could have had no beginning; the name is related to such other titles as Alpha and Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.
James E Talmage, Jesus the Christ, pg 36-37
Moses was to take the elders of Israel to the king
The Lord knew that the king would not let them go
The Lord will smite Egypt
Moses says they won’t listen but God says he’ll take care of it. Moses throws rod on ground and it turns into snake, picks it up and it goes back to a rod
2nd sign – leprous hand
3rd sign – bloody water when poured on dry ground
Moses isn’t a good speaker. Aaron will be mouthpiece
Why wasn’t Moses a good speaker? He may have had a speech impediment. He may also have lost confidence in the language of Hebrew or Egyptian as he had spent 40 years with the Midianites.
Compare to Enoch in Moses 6: 31
Moses went back to Egypt with his family
The Lord tells Moses that Pharaoh won’t listen, and tells him what to say
The JST explains more about this episode of circumcision.
Moses was going to save the covenant people, but his own son didn’t have the sign of the covenant.
Moses and Aaron go and speak to elders
Let my people go. First encounter with Pharaoh
Pharaoh makes them get their own straw for bricks
Hebrew foremen upset with Moses. Moses asks God why he was sent
The Lord promises to bring Israel out of captivity
Moses tells them but they refuse to listen
They are supposed to go see Pharaoh again
Aaron and Moses told to go to Pharaoh. The Lord knows he won’t listen
Aaron and Moses go to Pharaoh
SHOW SLIDE 9 showing artwork of 10 plagues
Pharaoh tries to have his wise men and sorcerers turn rod into serpent. It works, but Aaron’s snake eats them. Pharaoh wouldn’t listen.
“All down through the ages and in almost all countries, men have exercised great occult and mystical powers, even to the healing of the sick and the performing of miracles. Soothsayers, magicians, and astrologers were found in the courts of ancient kings. They had certain powers by which they divined and solved the monarch’s problems, dreams, etc. One of the most striking examples of this is recorded in Exodus, where Pharaoh called ‘the wise men and the sorcerers’ who duplicated some of the miracles the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron to perform. When Aaron threw down his rod, it became a serpent. The Egyptian magicians threw down their rods, and they also became serpents. . . .
“. . . The Savior declared that Satan had the power to bind bodies of men and women and sorely afflict them [see Matthew 7:22–23; Luke 13:16]. If Satan has power to bind the bodies, he surely must have power to loose them. It should be remembered that Satan has great knowledge and thereby can exercise authority and to some extent control the elements, when some greater power does not intervene.”
Joseph Fielding Smith, Answers to Gospel Questions, 1:176, 178
Aaron and Moses told to go back
Turn Nile to blood, fish die, and river smells
They go back, but the magicians could do the same things. Pharaoh wouldn’t listen
Go back to Pharaoh again
Frogs come, but magicians could get them to come as well
Pharaoh wants this to stop. Moses says they will be gone by tomorrow, then prays that it will be so. They died, but Pharaoh wouldn’t listen.
Go back to Pharaoh again
Gnats/flies/lice/mosquitos come. Magicians try but fail. They think it is God, but Pharaoh wouldn’t listen.
Go back to Pharaoh again
Blood sucking gadflies come (“Gadfly”, a fly that annoys horses and other livestock). Pharaoh says to go and worship. Moses prays that the flies will go. There remains not one. Pharaoh wouldn’t listen.
Go back to Pharaoh again
The livestock of Egyptians die, but Pharaoh wouldn’t listen
Go back to Pharaoh again
Boils come on the Egyptians, but Pharaoh wouldn’t listen
Go back to Pharaoh again
Thunder, hail, and fire (lightning) come down. Pharaoh tells Aaron and Moses he was wrong. Moses prays for it to stop. Pharaoh wouldn’t listen.
Go back to Pharaoh again
Aaron and Moses say locusts will come. Pharaoh servants say to let the people go. Pharaoh asks Aaron and Moses who will go. Everyone. Pharaoh say, “Not so!”
Locusts come and eat everything
Pharaoh says he has sinned. Moses prays that the locusts will leave. They do, but Pharaoh wouldn’t listen
Darkness comes. Pharaoh says they can go, but wouldn’t give them livestock to sacrifice. Pharaoh says to leave. Moses says they won’t see him again.
Last plague is that the firstborns will die
SHOW SLIDE 11 of door frames
Kill lamb/kid and put blood on the sides of and above the door frames. Eat the whole thing, and then burn the bones and other inedible parts. The firstborns will be killed in the houses where this wasn’t done. You need to always remember this
Moses tells elders of Israel to do this
SHOW SLIDE 12 of firstborn being killed
The firstborns are killed
Moses and Aaron were told to take the people and livestock and go
The people gathered their items and asked for jewels and gold from the Egyptians. There were about 600,000 men in the group (not counting women and children).
NOTE: There is an enrichment section in the book about numbering in the Bible
Passover as a symbol of Christ
1. Lamb without blemish
2. Blood of the lamb saved them
3. No broken bones
4. Only covenant people could partake
5. Those who will not obey will die
6. A day of remembrance is observed every 7 days (Sabbath)
Christ instituted the sacrament at the Feast of the Passover
First real description of the Law of Moses version of sacrifice
Moses took the bones of Joseph with him
Pillar of cloud by day, pillar of fire by night. The pillars did not from before the people.
SHOW SLIDE 13 map of the exodus
The Lord tells Moses where to go and that Pharaoh will come after them
The Egyptians come after the Israelites
The Israelites are afraid and complain
“I desire to call your attention to the principle of loyalty, loyalty to the truth and loyalty to the men whom God has chosen to lead the cause of truth. I speak of ‘the truth’ and these ‘men’ jointly, because it is impossible fully to accept the one and partly reject the other.
“I raise my voice on this matter to warn and counsel you to be on your guard against criticism. . . . It comes, in part, from those who hold, or have held, prominent positions. Ostensibly, they are in good standing in the Church. In expressing their feelings, they frequently say, ‘We are members of the Church, too, you know, and our feelings should be considered.’
“They assume that one can be in full harmony with the spirit of the gospel, enjoy full fellowship in the Church, and at the same time be out of harmony with the leaders of the Church and the counsel and directions they give. Such a position is wholly inconsistent, because the guidance of this Church comes, not alone from the written word, but also from continuous revelation, and the Lord gives that revelation to the Church through His chosen leaders and none else. It follows, therefore, that those who profess to accept the gospel and who at the same time criticize and refuse to follow the counsel of the leaders, are assuming an indefensible position.”
Marion G Romney, in Conference Report, Apr. 1942, pp. 17–18
“In the Church we sometimes find two groups of people: the builders and the murmurers. Let each ask himself: ‘In which class should I be placed?’
“We are called upon to perform duties. When the priesthood and auxiliary leadership introduce new programs, many of the members will say, ‘Yes, we will do it. Let us perform in these new programs.’ But sometimes we hear a murmurer, a faultfinder, who will say, ‘No. We cannot do that.’ Misjudging motives, some soon find themselves with Laman and Lemuel instead of with Nephi, whose actions expressed willingness to follow the voice of God. (See 1 Ne. 17:17ff.)
“Let us watch ourselves and be true to the examples set by our leaders. The warning is sometimes expressed: ‘Speak not against the authorities.’ What does it mean? It means ‘be not a murmurer.’ Murmuring against priesthood and auxiliary leadership is one of the most poisonous things that can be introduced into the home of a Latter-day Saint. Why are leaders called to their positions? To benefit themselves? No, not once can one point to an instance in this Church where a person was called for his personal benefit. When a call is made, it is made to bless someone, some class, or humanity at large. That is the mission of every member, from the President of the Church down to the latest convert. Everyone holds his position to build up, to bless, to establish righteousness, purity, and virtue among mankind.”
David O. McKay , “Four Guideposts,” Improvement Era, Mar. 1969, p. 3
SHOW SLIDE 16 of parting the Red Sea
Moses parts the Red Sea
The Israelites went through on dry ground
The Egyptians pursued, but their wheels got stuck
Moses closes the path. They all died
Song of the Israelites praising the Lord
Miriam led the women in song and dance
They traveled but had no water. The people murmured. The Lord promises that if the people keep commandments, they won’t have the plagues of Egypt. They arrive in Elim where there is water.
The people complain again
Manna and quail are provided
Sabbath is mandated
Israelites ate Manna for 40 years!
There is no water and the people murmur
SHOW SLIDE 17 of Moses striking rock
Moses strikes rock and water comes out
SHOW SLIDE 18 of artwork of Aaron and Hur holding up Moses arms
Amalekites come to fight. Joshua chooses men. Moses, Aaron, Hur go to top of hill. Moses raises hands, people prevail. He gets tired and hands get heavy. Moses sits down and Aaron and Hur hold his hands up
“I think that is the role that President [N. Eldon] Tanner [Second Counselor in the First Presidency] and I have to fulfill. The hands of President [Joseph Fielding] Smith [President of the Church] may grow weary. They may tend to droop at times because of his heavy responsibilities; but as we uphold his hands, and as we lead under his direction, by his side, the gates of hell will not prevail against you and against Israel. Your safety and ours depends upon whether or not we follow the ones whom the Lord has placed to preside over his church. He knows whom he wants to preside over this church, and he will make no mistake. The Lord doesn’t do things by accident. He has never done anything accidentally. And I think the scientists and all the philosophers in the world have never discovered or learned anything that God didn’t already know. His revelations are more powerful, more meaningful, and have more substance than all the secular learning in the world.
“Let’s keep our eye on the President of the Church and uphold his hands as President Tanner and I will continue to do.”
Harold B Lee in Conference Report, Oct. 1970, p. 153
Jethro, Zipporah and others are reunited. They rejoice together.
Moses sits to judge the people. Jethro counsels him. Suggests finding able men to help. It works.
The people commit to follow the Lord
The people are preparing to be taught by Moses after he talks with the Lord.
SHOW SLIDE 20 of Mount Sinai
The people come to the mountain and the Lord is there in smoke and fire.