Tag Archives: adam

Old Testament Institute Lesson – Week 2 (Genesis 3 – 11)

Religion 301 Old Testament Student Manual
Genesis through 2-Samuel

Here is the next entry in my series from the Old Testament Institute class that I’m teaching. These notes cover Genesis 3 – 11. I have decided not to include any pictures since I’m not sure of copyright issues with them.

To recap… I’m a Stake Institute Teacher. I teach a group of about a dozen YSA in my home on Wednesday evenings. It is a great calling! I decided I would post my notes for the classes. They are just that… notes. They are meant to help me direct the discussion and have references to pictures and quotes. I’ve included the quotes, but not the pictures.


Introduction

  • Before we start, highlight the Enrichment Section A of the student manual which explains who the God of the Old Testament is.

Genesis Chapter 3

  • SHOW picture of LEGO Adam and Eve

v1
Subtle – crafty

v4
Gods (plural)
Satan tells Adam and Eve that they will know Good from Evil – true
Satan tells Adam and Eve that they won’t die – lie
This is the way Satan works… mixes lies with truths to trick people – he’s crafty!

v5
READ
Joseph Fielding Smith quote about Adam’s status before the Fall

“Adam’s status before the fall was:

“1. He was not subject to death.

“2. He was in the presence of God. . . .

“3. He had no posterity.

“4. He was without knowledge of good and evil.

He had knowledge, of course. He could speak. He could converse. There were many things he could be taught and was taught; but under the conditions in which he was living at that time it was impossible for him to visualize or understand the power of good and evil. He did not know what pain was. He did not know what sorrow was; and a thousand other things that have come to us in this life that Adam did not know in the Garden of Eden and could not understand and would not have known had he remained there. That was his status before the fall.”

Joseph Fielding Smith, Doctrines of Salvation, 1:107–8

Eyes will be open
What do eyes represent – seeing… understanding
Joseph Smith used this phrase in D&C 110: 1 when Jesus as well as other Heavenly visitors came

V6
SHOW
stained glass window picture of Eve giving fruit to Adam
READ
Elder Talmage quote about Adam and Even partaking of the fruit

“Eve was fulfilling the foreseen purposes of God by the part she took in the great drama of the fall; yet she did not partake of the forbidden fruit with that object in view, but with intent to act contrary to the divine command, being deceived by the sophistries of Satan, who also, for that matter, furthered the purposes of the Creator by tempting Eve; yet his design was to thwart the Lord’s plan. We are definitely told that ‘he knew not the mind of God, wherefore he sought to destroy the world’ [Moses 4:6]. Yet his diabolical effort, far from being the initiatory step toward destruction, contributed to the plan of man’s eternal progression. Adam’s part in the great event was essentially different from that of his wife; he was not deceived; on the contrary he deliberately decided to do as Eve desired, that he might carry out the purposes of his Maker with respect to the race of men, whose first patriarch he was ordained to be.”

James E Talmage, Articles of Faith, pp. 69–70

How much times passed between v6 and v7?
How much times passed between v7 and v8?
I think this is the sort of thing where a lot of misunderstanding comes into play. We assign a timeline to things that just aren’t there in the scriptures. We’ll get to this later, but the entire Tower of Babel story is 9 verses long

v10
God was heard walking. He has a physical body

v13
Beguiled – deceived

v15
Enmity – The state or feeling of being actively opposed or hostile to someone or something
Does Satan have “seed” (posterity)?
Compare head and heel
A snake might nip at the heel, but that same foot/heel it was trying to bite is going to be the thing that crushes it

v16-17
Woman’s and Man’s curse
How is this manifest today?

v19
How did Adam and Eve feel?
See Moses 5: 10-11
Was there death before the Fall? Not as we understand it. This is one reason why many people in the Church have a hard time reconciling evolution and the Creation (evolution implies change through the generations… creatures die)
READ
Joseph Fielding Smith quote about death

“Modern education declares that there never was such a thing as the fall of man, but that conditions have always gone on in the same way as now in this mortal world. Here, say they, death and mutation have always held sway as natural conditions on this earth and everywhere throughout the universe the same laws obtain. It is declared that man has made his ascent to the exalted place he now occupies through countless ages of development which has gradually distinguished him from lower forms of life.

“Such a doctrine of necessity discards the story of Adam and the Garden of Eden, which it looks upon as a myth coming down to us from an early age of foolish ignorance and superstition. Moreover, it is taught that since death was always here, and a natural condition prevailing throughout all space, there could not possibly come a redemption from Adam’s transgression, hence there was no need for a Savior for a fallen world.”

Joseph Fielding Smith, Doctrines of Salvation, 1:315

v20
The name Eve means “living”
What do we think of Eve?

v22
Who is god speaking to? There is obviously more than one person here (plural)

Genesis Chapter 4

The Book of Moses really helps here. There is a gap here in the bible where we learn:

  • They are driven out
  • They have children
  • God taught them
  • They offered sacrifices
  • An angel tells them why they offer sacrifices

v2
Cain was a farmer
Abel was a shepherd

v3-5
SHOW
artwork of Cain and Abel’s offerings
Cain’s offering was rejected
It came from the ground, and the ground was cursed
Abel’s offering was accepted
It was in similitude of the Only Begotten

v5
The Lord hadn’t rejected Cain. He was still speaking with Cain

v7
READ TOGETHER
How does sin lie at the door?

v8
SHOW
artwork of Cain killing Abel
Cain kills Abel
Moses 5: 29-31 adds in information about Satan conspiring with Cain

v9
Am I my brother’s keeper?

v14
“those hast driven me out…” – Cain is blaming God

v15
Could Cain die? Yes
Do we know what the curse/mark was? No
One thing I read suggested there was a physical feature (size perhaps) that made him look different and people left him alone

Genesis Chapter 5

Adam lived to be 930
Seth 912
Enos 905
Cainan 910
Mahalaleel 895
Jared 962
Enoch 365 – translated, see Moses 7: 69
Methuselah 969 – not taken up with Enoch so righteous patriarchal/priesthood line could continue (see Moses 8:2); died the year of the flood
Lamech 777
Noah 950

Genesis Chapter 6

v2
Sons of God married the daughters of men
What does this mean?
READ
President Kimball quote about marrying people of different faiths

“Paul told the Corinthians, ‘Be ye not unequally yoked together. . . .’ Perhaps Paul wanted them to see that religious differences are fundamental differences. Religious differences imply wider areas of conflict. Church loyalties and family loyalties clash. Children’s lives are often frustrated. The nonmember may be equally brilliant, well trained and attractive, and he or she may have the most pleasing personality, but without a common faith, trouble lies ahead for the marriage. There are some exceptions but the rule is a harsh and unhappy one.

“There is no bias nor prejudice in this doctrine. It is a matter of following a certain program to reach a definite goal.”

Spencer W Kimball, Miracle of Forgiveness, p. 240

v3
My Spirit shall not always strive with man

v4
Giants?

v5
Thoughts of hearts were evil continually
Compare to King Benjamin’s people who had a desire to do good continually (see Mosiah 5: 2)

v6
It repented the Lord?
Regret, sorry
Joseph Smith said it should be translated “It repented Noah that God made man”

v8-9
First reference to Noah. Was he perfect?
Who is Noah?
Gabriel spoke to Zacharias/Elizabeth about John the Baptist being born as well as Mary about Jesus being born
He delivered keys to Joseph Smith as an Elias (a forerunner)

v14
Make an ark
The word which ark is translated from is only in the bible one other time. That is in Exodus 2: 3 (an ark of bulrushes). Means box or chest

  • Made of gopher/cypress wood
  • Had rooms
  • Covered with pitch (bitumen), in Genesis 11: 3 the same word was translated as slime
  • 300 cubits long x 50 cubits wide by 30 cubits high
  • 450ft x 75 ft x 45 ft

v17
A flood is coming

v18
God covenants with Noah

v19
Bring 2 of every kind

v21
Food storage

Genesis Chapter 7

v2
Why bring more of the clean animals? For food and sacrifices

v4
Will rain for 40 days/nights

v7
Only 8 people were righteous?
READ
quote from Elder McConkie about translated beings

“During the first 2200 or so years of the earth’s history—that is, from the fall of Adam to the ministry of Melchizedek—it was a not uncommon occurrence for faithful members of the Church to be translated and taken into the heavenly realms without tasting death. Since that time there have been occasional special instances of translation, instances in which a special work of the ministry required it.

“. . . Methuselah, the son of Enoch, was not translated [with Enoch’s city], ‘that the covenants of the Lord might be fulfilled, which he made to Enoch; for he truly covenanted with Enoch that Noah should be of the fruit of his loins.’ (Moses 8:2.) But during the nearly 700 years from the translation of Enoch to the flood of Noah, it would appear that nearly all of the faithful members of the Church were translated, for ‘the Holy Ghost fell on many, and they were caught up by the powers of heaven into Zion.’ (Moses 7:27.)”

Bruce R McConkie, Mormon Doctrine, p. 804

v12
Rained for 36 hours in parts of Louisiana and some parts were several feet under water

v22
Everything not in the ark is dead

v24
After raining, it took 110 days for the waters to recede

Genesis Chapter 8

v4
Where is Mount Ararat? one book said in modern-day Armenia
SHOW
map of the Old World

v8-11
Dove didn’t come back once there was dry land to live

v18
On ark for 1 year and 10 days

v20
What is the first thing that Noah did? Offered a sacrifice

Genesis Chapter 9

v6
First instance of what would become the Law of Moses

v11-17
No more killer floods
The rainbow is a sign of this promise
SHOW
picture of rainbow from Pen Centre

v20
Husbandman – someone who runs a vineyard

v21
Noah got drunk?!

v25
Why was Canaan cursed?
Noah was upset that Ham hadn’t covered him up?
Was Noah cursing Canaan or was it a prophecy?

Genesis Chapter 10

More genealogy

v9
Nimrod was a bad man

v25
Peleg – How was the earth divided (physical/political)?

Genesis Chapter 11

v1
One language

v4
SHOW
picture of the Tower of Babel
Note: the whole Tower of Babel story only takes 9 verses
See Book of Ether

v7
The confusion of the language didn’t happen all at once
Jared saw this happening and asked his brother to intervene

v26
First mention of Abram/Abraham

v29
Abram marries Sarai

Old Testament Institute Lesson – Week 1 (Introduction, Genesis 1-2)

Religion 301 Old Testament Student Manual
Genesis through 2-Samuel

As I’ve mentioned before, my current calling is to be a Stake Institute Teacher. It is a very rewarding calling. I love meeting with the YSA and I love teaching, so it seems like a perfect calling.

Previously we have studied the Pearl of Great Price, the Book of Mormon, The Gospel and the Productive Life and Scripture Study – The Power of the Word. This school year, the overwhelming choice was to study the Old Testament.

I’ve decided that I will post my notes each week. Let me first say that I am not an expert on Old Testament language, geography, or anything else. In fact, I probably haven’t studied the Old Testament since I was a missionary. However, I love the gospel and I do prepare for my lessons, so they seem to go ok.

The notes that I share are just that… notes. If the students are interested in a specific scripture, we’ll spend more time talking about it. If they aren’t interested in something, we may go through it quickly.


Introduction

The Old Testament is read by many different religions. It can be viewed and interpreted in many different ways. Like all scripture, it is meant to help us grow closer to Christ. It is ok to have a view of the Old Testament that might not be the same as someone else, as long as it helps you grow closer to Christ. We also must accept that some people will have less orthodox views that us.

NOTE: The manual is rather old, so some quotes are “old school”

Read:

  • 2 Timothy 3: 15-17
  • 1 Nephi 17: 17-43
  • John 5: 39

Whenever ancient scriptures talk about scriptures, it is the Old Testament they are referring to.

It is sacred scripture

If it was important to them, is it still important for us now?

If it is important for us now, why is it so difficult to study?

  • Language
  • Genealogy
  • Parts have been fulfilled
  • Seems irrelevant

So what is there for us?

Think for a moment about yourself. Does your motivation to study the scriptures come from a desire to learn more about God and His dealings with His children? Are you seeking to draw power from the scriptures in order to perfect your life by coming  to Christ? Paul and Nephi have said that, like all other scriptures, the Old Testament will help you accomplish these goals. Do you want to learn more of God and those who were faithful to Him? Then search the stories of the prophets and patriarchs. Would you be inspired by examples of men and women who overcame their weaknesses and went on to perfection? Read of Joseph and Abraham and Sarah and Job and dozens of others. Would you like to find principles of daily living that bring you closer to God? They are there in abundance. Would you like to better know Jehovah, the Lord Jesus Christ, who came to earth as our Redeemer? Then turn to the Old Testament, for, like the other scriptures, it is a  witness of His divinity, His love, and His mercy.

Discuss “facts” about Old Testament

  • 66 books in current bible
  • 39 books in Old Testament
  • 27 books in New Testament
  • 4 categories of books
    1. Law – Genesis through Deuteronomy
      • Also Pentateuch or Torah
      • 5 books of Moses
      • Believed by Jews, Christians, Muslims
    2. History – Joshua through Esther
      • Most books contain history
      • This section deal almost entirely with history
    3. Poetry or Writings – Job through The Song of Solomon
      • Almost 1/3 of the Old Testament is poetry
    4. Prophecy – Isaiah through Malachi
      • The prophets spoke for Jehovah

What is the purpose of the Old Testament?

  • To help us see how God led/protected His people

Who was the God of the Old Testament?

  • Jehovah

Almost everything in the Old Testament bears witness of Christ

  • He speaks
  • His prophets speak and testify of Him
  • Even if there is a question of literalness, you still learn about Christ

Genesis Chapters 1 and 2

There are 3 accounts of the creation

  • Genesis 1-2
  • Moses 1-3
  • Abraham 4-5

The story of the creation has inspired people from the beginning of civilization

GO OVER THE DAYS OF THE CREATION AND WHAT WAS CREATED WHEN

Who created the Earth?

Abraham records that in the midst of “many of the noble and great” premortal spirits was one “like unto God,” who said to them, “We will go down . . . And We will take of these materials, and we will make an earth whereon these may dwell” (Abraham 3:22, 24; emphasis added). This passage suggests that others besides Adam may have assisted in the Creation.

Elder Joseph Fielding Smith taught:

“It is true that Adam helped to form this earth. He labored with our Savior Jesus Christ. I have a strong view or conviction that there were others also who assisted them. Perhaps Noah and Enoch; and why  not Joseph Smith,and those who were appointed to  be rulers before the earth was formed? [Abraham 3:2–4.]”

Doctrines of Salvation,1:74–75

At what point was “man” and woman” created?

  • Genesis 1: 27 – male and female were created
  • Genesis 2: 19 – woman was created from man
  • Was this before or after the 7th day?
  • Genesis 2: 23-24 is the marriage of Adam and Eve

How as the Earth created?

  • We don’t know

The Garden of Eden

  • Meaning of Eden is not certain, but it might mean “delight” or “fruitful, well-watered”
  • Was Eden a place, and a garden was there? Was all of Eden a garden?

Definitions

  • Beginning
    • President Brigham Young explained:
      “When was there a beginning? There never was one; if there was, there will be an end; but there never was a beginning, and hence there will never be an end; that looks like eternity. When we talk about the beginning of eternity, it is rather simple conversation, and goes far beyond the capacity of man.”
      Discourses of Brigham Young, p. 47
    • When was the Earth created?
    • How long did it take?
    • A day is
      • 24 hours
      • 1000 years
      • An unspecified length of time
    • The church has no official stance on how long it took
  • Create
    • Formed, prepared, fashioned
  • Dominion
    • Rule
    • Authority
    • How should we treat what we have dominion over?
  • Replenish
    • How can you replenish if it wasn’t there?
    • Proper translation is “to fill”
    • Some people would say that the Earth is full. God has not said that yet
  • Man
    • Genesis 1: 27
    • God create man, male and female he created
    • A complete man is male and female person together
    • “‘And I, God said unto mine Only Begotten, which was with me from the beginning: Let us make man [not a separate man, but a complete man, which is husband and wife] in our image, after our likeness; and it was so.’ (Moses 2:26.) What a beautiful partnership! Adam and Eve were married for eternity by the Lord. Such a marriage extends beyond the grave. All peoples should call for this kind of marriage….
      “This is a partnership. Then when they had created them in the image of God, to them was given the eternal command, ‘Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it’ (Gen. 1:28), and as they completed this magnificent creation, they looked it over and pronounced it ‘good, very good’—something that isn’t to be improved upon by our modern intellectuals; the male to till the ground, support the family, to give proper leadership; the woman to cooperate, to bear the children, and to rear and teach them. It was ‘good, very good.’
      “And that’s the way the Lord organized it. This wasn’t an experiment. He knew what he was doing.”
      Spencer W. Kimball, “Speaking Today,” Ensign, Mar. 1976, p. 71
  • Evolution
    • Must remember role of Adam
    • There was a Fall and we needed a Savior
    • Theories change; policies change
    • Doctrine is eternal